Military Rule in Latin America by Karen Remmer

By Karen Remmer

The writer demanding situations winning interpretations of army rule. She questions the assumptions that army regimes could be competently understood by way of their origins and indicates how vital diversifications between them replicate the jobs of kingdom actors and associations. within the first a part of the booklet the writer presents a large review of army rule in Latin the USA and within the moment, an in depth case learn of Chile less than Pinochet. She concludes through interpreting the results of her findings for figuring out transitions from authoritarianism and the consolidation of democracy.

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The political impact of an authoritarian regime that employs a consistently moderate level of repression is likely to differ from the impact of one that severely represses all political groups and then relaxes repression. Moreover, repression is not a unidimen- 62 63 • Continuities were assessed on the basis of the answer to the following question: Were the two strongest parties in the two sets of competitive elections most immediately preceding military seizures of power the same? MILITARY RULE IN LATIN AMERICA THE POLITICAL IMPACT OF MILITRY RULE sional concept; severe repression of some forms of political activity may coexist with ample freedom for others.

They also tend to be more immune to the influence ofleadership personality, even though they do not differ from more recently established systems in terms of the extent to which cleavages revolve around ideology rather than patronage. The most notable exception to these generalizations is Ecuador, because the combined age of its top parties provide an exceptionally misleading indicator of the preexisting stability of partisan alternatives and electoral loyalties. Despite its age, the Ecuadoran party system has not been institutionalized around long-standing partisan cleavages but has fluctuated in response to leadership alternatives.

Aggregate electoral statistics, which su~~ly meaningful information about partisan loyalties, pohhcal alignments, and other characteristics of democratic reg~mes, are available for most countries over long time penods. No comparable source of data exists for measuring the political impact of authoritarianism in nondemocratic settings. Th~re are also strong theoretical advantages in focusing on expenences of redemocratization. The political histories of countries in which periods of democratic rule have been interrupted by authoritarianism provide a basis for evaluating continuities and discontinuities in party systems.

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