By Michael B. Yahuda
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Additional resources for New Directions in the Social Sciences and Humanities in China
293-5) who greatly admired the spirit of Yue Fei. 42. Tongshi, vol. 63--6; 182-5; 313-18; 337-46. 43. Shigao, ch. 3, 155--208, is an attempt to present this point judiciously. Also parts of ch. 210-14, 250-8. 238-40. 44. There are exceptions: peasant leaders who start rebellions are heroically treated, see the Tongshi and Shigao references in note 39 above. There are now attempts to remedy this reluctance by producing several popular series of books on 'outstanding people' Uiechu renwu), concentrating on heroes, patriots and talented people of historical interest.
47. Deng and Xu were established Song scholars before 1949. Deng at Peking University remained the leading Song scholar through the 1950s and early 1960s. Xu at Hangzhou University (together with Chen Lesu, who recently moved to Jinan University in Guangzhou) was quiescent until after the fall of the 'Gang of Four' and re-emerged as a prolific scholar in 1978. Three other distinguished scholars who are now dead probably had students: they were Zhangliaju, Nieh Chongqi and Hua Shan. Beijing and Hangzhou now have strong Song history centres, as do Kaifeng, Shanghai and Nanchang; and there is Oi Xia at Hebei University.
Instead, it goes much further than the 12 Trends in the History of the Song T ongshi in seeking to integrate the history of all the peoples of China and eschews the use of any dynastic perspective. J~ It does not make strong statements about how all the various Chinese peoples created their history together and through struggle, trade and other connections, were naturally integrated into one China. 40 Instead it demonstrates by careful writing how the various dynastic states were Chinese; how they were closely related and even interdependent.