By James George Frazer
The Golden Bough describes our ancestors' primitive equipment of worship, intercourse practices, unusual rituals and fairs. Disproving the preferred inspiration that primitive lifestyles used to be easy, this huge survey indicates that savage guy was once enmeshed in a tangle of magic, taboos, and superstitions. printed this is the evolution of guy from savagery to civilization, from the amendment of his bizarre and sometimes bloodthirsty customs to the access of lasting ethical, moral, and non secular values.
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Extra resources for The Golden Bough
These animals are used by healers as guards of the aquatic arkanas because they move very swiftly in the water. Above them we can see the huancahui [laughing falcon, Herpetotheres cachinnans] preparing to eat a snake. The icaro of this animal is good for stunning a snake and defeating it, leaving its bite with-out effect. On the house grows the huancahui-sacha plant [unidentified], good as an emetic and a purgative. In the centre, a little to the right, you can see a Yakumama throwing her magnet upward.
Then she changes into a beautiful submarine. Further to the right is the purahua, who is also throwing a rainbow from his mouth. This is the Yakumama that becomes a steamboat in order to walk on the water of rivers and lakes]. All these snakes respond to the singing of the snakes' icaro. At that time they gather under the house and around it, and it is very dangerous to go out because they can bite. After curing, the healer sings another icaro to make the snakes go away from the house. If he does not do this, the snakes remain, making it very dangerous for people to live there.
VISION 23 SPIRITS OF STONES AND METALS A vegetalista and his disciples are taking ayahuasca in a house in the middle of the jungle. They sing the icaro called Killo/lipian-rurni ficaro of the shining yellow stone, or gold]. By means of certain body movements they are able to visit the subterranean world where they encounter gnomos [gnomes], the guardians of subterranean treasures. The colors of these gnomes are all symbolic, representing diamonds (white), gold (yellow), copper (red), bronze (green), silver (light blue), garnet (purple), and quartz (lilac).