Transforming the Images: Ergativity and Transitivity in by Elke Nowak

By Elke Nowak

The sequence is a platform for contributions of every kind to this quickly constructing box. normal difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened examine of empirical info. certain emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research might shed new gentle on long-standing difficulties more often than not linguistics.

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Extra resources for Transforming the Images: Ergativity and Transitivity in Inuktitut (Eskimo)

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The moods indicate the status of a verbal complex within the sentence; they show whether it is the verb phrase of the matrix sentence or the VP of a subordinate clause. The matrix moods include the following: Indicative, nominal participle Imperative Interrogative and the corresponding negative paradigms. The subordinate moods express the nature of the relation between the subordinate and matrix VP: Participle (Verbal participle): simultaneity Causality: "because-Mood" Conditionality: "if-Mood" 32.

In these definitions, the word class is always assumed as given, and the inflection is treated as a mere accessory. But because synthesis is an open process, it is misleading to presuppose a circumscribed word class. To put it directly, a word is nominally or verbally inflected not because it is a noun or a verb; it is identifiable as a noun or verb because it is nominally or verbally inflected. This means nothing less than that noun (N) and verb (V) are primarily syntactically determined categories.

A traditional description of Inuktitut 23 knowledge. Indeed, perhaps they are the most basic terms with which we, scientifically or prescientifically, relate to language. They appear to be basic terms of our cultural knowledge. Study of Inuktitut shows that even these basic terms are very much dependent on our own acquaintance with language and that they distort our expectations of foreign languages: word and sentence as conversational units have an entirely different scope and value in a polysynthetic language.

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