By Christopher L. Pallas (auth.)
Transnational civil society is usually obvious as a major contributor to the democratization of world governance. of their engagement with the area financial institution, although, transnational civil society agencies prioritize pre-existing project over responsiveness to claimed stakeholders and undercut the authority of constructing state governments.
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Additional info for Transnational Civil Society and the World Bank: Investigating Civil Society’s Potential to Democratize Global Governance
Instead, as per the revolutionary and advocacy roles discussed earlier, the legitimacy of TCS intervention in local affairs must be judged by the degree to which it contributes to sustainable national democracy. A transnational actor, by deﬁnition, is not tied to a single country. When the international network leaves a dam cancellation ﬁght in India to protest a dam in Pakistan, it leaves the local citizens behind. It is unable to offer them long-term democratic protections. If it does not contribute to the democratic functioning of the national state, then it has had no long-term impact on the democratic well-being of local citizens.
Democratic legitimacy and TCS As the history of TCS research reveals, TCS is discussed among academic authors as both a theoretical object and in empirical terms as the aggregate of some delimited set of CSOs. Studies examining civil society in empirical terms also often narrow their focus to a particular type of CSO or network or to a speciﬁc campaign. This book engages with civil society as a real-world phenomenon; it deﬁnes TCS as the aggregate of all TCSOs meeting the deﬁnition later out in the previous chapter.
In this regard, I follow on the work Anders Uhlin, who himself builds on the work of Sharpf and Dingwerth (Scharpf 1999; Dingwerth 2007). Uhlin (2010, p. 23) writes: In order to organize the various concepts related to democratic legitimacy, I ﬁnd it useful to distinguish between input legitimacy (the relationship between the actor and its constituencies or people Context, Role, and Legitimacy 31 affected by its activities), throughput legitimacy (the actual procedures for decision-making within the actor), and output legitimacy (the consequences of the actor’s decisions and other activities).