Uncovering the Hidden Harvest: Valuation Methods for by Bruce M. Campbell, Marty Luckert

By Bruce M. Campbell, Marty Luckert

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Extra resources for Uncovering the Hidden Harvest: Valuation Methods for Woodland and Forest Resources (Earthscan People Plants International Conservation Series)

Sample text

For more on this, see Haddad et al (1994) and Strauss and Thomas (1995). 2 FROM THE HOUSEHOLD TO THE LAND: RETURNS TO LAND OF FOREST-BASED ACTIVITIES IN SOUTHERN AFRICAN SAVANNAS Bruce Campbell The approaches Throughout this chapter, economic values have been explored for households. However, in many cases it is important to quantify the economic returns to land units rather than households (the section on ‘Selecting among decision criteria’ in Chapter 5 considers different ways of expressing economic criteria).

Stock theft removes approximately 4 per cent of the herd per year. The cost to non-owners was taken as the cost of fencing their residential and arable plots (annualized over the lifespan of the fence), although many said they would fence their residential plot for privacy irrespective of the presence of livestock. 3), even when the savings value (via herd growth) is ignored. 4 per cent of the total value for cattle and goats, respectively. For cattle, the largest contributors to the total gross value were savings, milk and manure.

Although the financial value of livestock products to non-owners is small, it should not be underestimated. There is little doubt that the goods and services that these households obtain from livestock represents a meaningful contribution to their livelihood strategies, especially since they tend to be the poorer households. The gifts and access to cheaper goods obtained by these poorer households not only provides a cash saving, but also reinforces familial and community relationships. 10. The values determined through this work are effectively a snapshot of the potential value at the time.

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