Urban Education in the United States: A Historical Reader by J. Rury

By J. Rury

This booklet addresses an often-overlooked element of yankee schooling: the advance of colleges in huge towns. John L. Rury introduces and highlights the main major and vintage essays facing city education during this assortment. Touching upon all of the country's imperative geographic areas, city schooling within the usa presents an advent to serious topics within the heritage of urban colleges, framing each one part with an summary of the most important concerns in city schooling in the course of specific sessions in US background. this is often an important assortment for college students in city schooling, the background of schooling, and American background.

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Never having collected or distributed any money for common education, the Council was suddenly forced by the state’s action into developing a definition and a plan for governmentally sponsored common schooling. Since the need for such schooling had not been widely felt in the city, and the pressure for a program came only after the state had provided the money, the Council was able to procrastinate. They had not yet received the state’s share 30 Carl F. ” Having made its decision, the Council began using the terms “private” and “public” in a manner roughly equivalent to our modern usage.

16. Wilson, History, 3:84; New York Argus, June 11, 1795. 17. Almshouse Report, in Minutes of the Common Council of the City of New York, 1784–1831, ed. Arthur E. Peterson, 21 vols. (New York, 1917, 1930), 2:125. 18. American Magazine 1 (1788): 215, 226. 19. [Low’s] New York Directory . . 1796 (New York, 1796). The Directory lists 97 teachers for 1796; four others have been added from other sources. When the Columbia professors and the dancing and music teachers are eliminated, the number is reduced to 91 teachers engaged in precollegiate academic schooling.

Kaestle’s Evolution of an Urban School System: New York, 1750–1850 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973), which extended the research reported in his essay herein. Similar treatments of other cities can be found in Stanley K. Schults, The Culture Factory: Boston’s Public Schools, 1790–1860 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1973) and Selwyn Troen, The Public and the Schools: Shaping the St. Louis System, 1838–1920 (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1975). There is a discussion of early schooling in New York in Raymond Mohl, “Education as Social Control in New York City, 1784–1825” New York History 1970 51(3): 219–237.

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